How did the Orthodox Church start?
Which is oldest Catholic or Orthodox?
Therefore the Catholic Church is the oldest of all. The Orthodox represents the original Christian Church because they trace their bishops back to the five early patriarchates of Rome, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Constantinople and Antioch.
What was the principal architectural feature of the Eastern Orthodox churches?
The two most common layouts inside Orthodox Churches since Justinian have been a cruciform layout, an open square/rectangular layout, or a more linear layout with side-aisles.
What makes the Orthodox church different?
The Orthodox Church differs substantially from the other Churches in the way of life and worship, and in certain aspects of theology. The Holy Spirit is seen as present in and as the guide to the Church working through the whole body of the Church, as well as through priests and bishops.
Which disciple founded the Orthodox Church?
Two patriarchates are noted to have been founded by St Peter, the patriarchate of Rome and the patriarchate of Antioch. The Eastern churches accept Antioch as the church founded by St Peter (see the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch and the Syriac Orthodox Church).
Can a Greek Orthodox marry a Catholic?
Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. … Because the Catholic Church respects their celebration of the Mass as a true sacrament, intercommunion with the Eastern Orthodox in “suitable circumstances and with Church authority” is both possible and encouraged.
Why is Easter different for Orthodox?
The Orthodox Church uses the Julian calendar, not the Gregorian calendar, to calculate when Easter is. This is the calendar that was officially implemented by Julius Caesar and was in use primarily between 45 BC and 1582 AD. … This is one reason why Easter may fall on a different date.
Who was the first patriarch of the Orthodox Church?
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
|Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch|
|First holder||Andrew the Apostle (as bishop) Alexander (as archbishop) Anatolius (as patriarch)|
|Established||38 (founded) 451 (granted title of patriarch)|
|Cathedral||St. George’s Cathedral, Istanbul, Turkey|
In which language was the orthodox church service?
Koine Greek and Church Slavonic are the main sacred languages used in the Churches of the Eastern Orthodox communion. However, the Eastern Orthodox Church permits other languages to be used for liturgical worship, and each country often has the liturgical services in their own language.