What religion did settlers have to convert to in Mexico?
During the conquest, the Spaniards pursued a dual policy of military conquest, bringing indigenous peoples and territory under Spanish control, and spiritual conquest, that is, conversion of indigenous peoples to Christianity.
Why did the Aztecs convert to Christianity?
The Spanish conquerors then began the gradual process of converting the Aztecs to Christianity. … The first was the belief that the Aztecs suspected the conquistadores to be gods who were returning to claim their lands. The second theory was that the Aztecs were forced to convert to Christianity.
How did Christianity get to Mexico?
Catholicism arrived in Mexico with the conquistadors coming to plunder the country, but it took the apparition of Mary in 1531 for the religion to take root. Historians say the Spanish cleverly substituted the Virgin for Tonantzin and employed her to evangelize the indigenous populations.
What was Mexico called before the Spanish arrived?
This land was called the Viceroyalty of New Spain or Nueva Espana. The natives of the country have long called it Mexico, however. The country of Mexico was named after its capital city, Mexico City.
How did the Spanish convert the natives to Christianity?
Under encomienda, Spanish colonists were granted a certain amount of land and the labor of the people who lived on it. The system was later transported to Spanish settlements on the mainland. Supposedly, the colonists would pay the native people for their labor and convert them to Christianity.
How is the Aztec religion similar to Christianity?
Both Christians and Aztecs had a similar understanding of the practice of confession. They both revered the practice but held it in different places in their religions. For Catholics, confession is a sacrament, a necessary component to living a religious life. Aztecs viewed confession as an opportunity for forgiveness.
Why did the Spanish spread Christianity?
Much of the expressed goals of the spread of Catholicism was to bring salvation to the souls of the indigenous peoples. The Church and the Crown alike viewed the role and presence of the Church in the Americas as a buffer against the corrupt encomenderos and other European settlers.
Is Catholic Spanish?
The majority of the Spanish population is Catholic. The presence of Catholicism in Spain is historically and culturally pervasive. However, in the past 40 years of secularism since Franco’s death, the role that religion plays in Spaniards’ daily life has diminished significantly.